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Pollination and Flowers: Wonder of Nature Created by Bees Birds and Insects
Growing a beautiful garden
Beauty of gardens lies in its
wonderful flowers, lawns and trees. However there is a deeper aspect to gardening
called pollination and many kitchen gardeners would agree that bees, insects
and butterflies are the gardener’s best helpers.
To that eternal question “How
does your garden grow?” bees, butterflies and insects may provide an answer
that goes beyond ordinary human laws. For nature has provided something, that
connects two different species, through an interdependency that can only be
Pollination is vital for garden flowers (Pixabay Public Domain Photos)
Pollination in simple terms is
the transfer of pollen grains through air, water and by insects from one plant
to another. This kind of transfer is essential for the flowers to become
fruits. Though a small percentage of plants exchange pollen over air and water,
the majority of plants require the services of bees, birds, insects and humans
for transferring its pollen grains to another plant.
Today pollination is done
commercially using bees grown specifically for that purpose. There are hundreds
of bee varieties and one has to choose the correct one for growing. Of course
to the novice, all bees would be the same. Most common classification of bees
would include the following.
Attractive flowers attract bees (Pixabay Public Domain Photos)
a) Bumblebee: Form small
colonies and are fairly sociable. Some cuckoo bumblebees inhabit other
bumblebee colonies and are social parasites. These pollinate flowers very
efficiently because they have hairy body.
b) Solitary bee: These
work alone and cut up holes in the woodwork. They will disappear after their
c)Leaf-cutter bees: These
are solitary bees, usually one solitary female which may have a couple of other
bees for company. They are used commercially for pollination.
d)Carpenter bees: These
kinds of bees are also solitary and pollinate very efficiently. They have black
shiny bodies that are quite hairy.
e)Mining bees: These
mining bees, usually solitary females build nests underground. They do not like
clayey soil since it is difficult to build nests there.
Use of flowering plants for attracting
bees and butterflies
Bright colored flowers will
attract bees and insects. Plant bright flowering plants in shade protected from
strong winds. This will ensure that bees spend lots of time in the pollination
process. Some of the popular flowering plants are given here.
Gardens are a boon to any house (Pixabay Public Domain Photos)
Planning your garden
Gardens that are planned well
will have bigger and better fruit. Use of pollination techniques ensures
efficient use of flowers in the garden. One has to protect the soil and use
fertilizers too to keep them fertile.